Beige Paper #83
 Paper  CC BY-SA 3.0

This was submitted in a beige color, hence the name. Now it’s a gray paper pattern.

Source Konstantin Ivanov

 More Textures
Decorative divider 198 #2437
 Dark  CC 0

From a drawing in 'Codogno e il suo territorio nella cronaca e nella storia'', Gio and Giarella Cairo, 1897.

Source Firkin

Subtle Orange Emboss@2X #98
 Light  CC BY-SA 3.0

A hint of orange color, and some crossed and embossed lines.

Source Adam Anlauf

Background pattern 239 (colour 2) #2216
 Red  CC 0

To get the tile this is based on, select the rectangle in Inkscape and use shift+alt+i.

Source Firkin

Background pattern 214 #2377
 Blue  CC 0

A seamless chequerboard pattern formed from a tile that can be had in Inkscape by selecting the rectangle and using shift+alt+i.

Source Firkin

White carbon #11
 Carbon  CC BY-SA 3.0

Same as the black version, but now in shades of gray. Very subtle and fine grained.

Source Atle Mo

Retro Circles Background 6@2X #429
 Noise  CC 0

Retro Circles Background 6

Source GDJ

Small Crackle Bright #352
 Light  CC BY-SA 3.0

Light gray pattern with an almost wall tile-like appearance.

Source Markus Tinner

Background pattern yellow #2025
 Yellow  CC 0

Remixed from a design seen in 'Burghley. The Life of William Cecil', William Charlton, 1857. The tile this is based on can be had by selecting the rectangle in Inkscape and using shift+alt+i.

Source Firkin

Carbon Fiber Big #326
 Carbon  CC BY-SA 3.0

Bigger is better, right? So here you have some large carbon fiber.

Source Factorio.us Collective

Colorful Floral Background 3 No Black #485
 Light  CC 0

Colorful Floral Background 3 No Black

Source GDJ

Vintage pattern #1960
 Grid  CC 0

Formed from a tile based on a drawing from 'Viaggi d'un artista nell'America Meridionale', Guido Boggiani, 1895.

Source Firkin

Medic Packaging Foil #376
 Light  CC BY-SA 3.0

8 by 8 pixels, and just what the title says.

Source pixilated

“Transparent” Background Pattern@2X #494
 Light  CC 0

An emulated “transparent” background pattern, like that of all kinds of computer graphics software.

Source AdamStanislav

White Plaster #368
 Wall  CC BY-SA 3.0

Sweet and subtle white plaster with hints of noise and grunge.

Source Phil Maurer